In third grade, children start putting the learning process together to take on more complicated assignments. As they continue to apply the basic skills they have learned in first and second grade, they begin to do some work independently rather than with the explicit directions given in earlier grades.

Your child's progress will be reported through conferences and Standard-Based report cards. The report cards will indicate progress on the objectives identified in the Third Grade curriculum.  Please find below a sampling of the Holy Cross Academy Third Grade curriculum.  For a complete list of the standards covered in Third Grade, please click on the Curriculum Map for Third Grade, located on the left side of this page.

  • Character Education

    Character Development The objective of character education at Holy Cross Academy is to shape, nurture, and develop the total child. Character development improves school and classroom climate by focusing on basic principles of character. This objective is achieved through daily actions and integration of the following principles of character education into the curriculum at all levels.

    Good Judgment - To choose worthy goals and set proper priorities; to think through the consequences of your actions; to base decisions on practical wisdom and good sense.

    Responsibility - To be dependable in carrying out obligations and duties; to show reliability and consistency in words and conduct; to be accountable for your own actions; to be committed to active involvement in your community.

    Respect - To show high regard for authority, for other people, for self, for property, and for country; to understand that all people have value as human beings.

    Good Citizenship - Obeying the laws of the nation and this State; abiding by school rules; and understanding the rights and responsibilities of a member of a republic.

    Service to Others / Kindness - To be considerate, courteous, helpful, and understanding of others; to show care, compassion, friendship, and generosity; to treat others as you would like to be treated.

    Courage - To have the determination to do the right thing even when others don't, and to have the strength to follow your conscience rather that the crowd.

    Self-Discipline - To demonstrate hard work and commitment to purpose; to regulate yourself for improvement; to refrain from inappropriate behaviors; to be in proper control of your words, actions, impulses, and desires; and to do your best in all situations.

    Perseverance - To be persistent in the pursuit of worthy objectives in spite of difficulty, opposition, or discouragement; to exhibit patience and be willing to try again when confronted with delays, mistakes, or failures.

    Integrity - To have the inner strength to be truthful, trustworthy, and honest in all things; to act justly and honorably.

    Responsibility for School Safety - Helping to create a harmonious school atmosphere that is free from threats, weapons, and violent behavior; cultivate an orderly learning environment in which students and school personnel feel safe and secure; and encourage the resolution of disagreements through peaceful means including peer mediation.

  • Religion

    Religion Holy Cross Academy's religious education is an on-going process to provide spiritual formation and instruction for all children. We believe that we are called to respond to Christian witness throughout our lives. The children will act in accordance with the basic doctrines of the Catholic Church while experiencing the faith community within our school.

    The rosary will be prayed frequently throughout the year, but especially in October and May (the months of Mary). Students will attend Mass weekly, either as a class or with the entire school. Service projects are built into the overall curriculum for each grade level. A specialized focus will be given to Mission and Vocation Awareness.

    • Recognize God as Creator and Father
    • Demonstrate knowledge that we honor Mary because she is the Mother of Jesus, Our God, and a special intercessor for us
    • Identify and explain moral responsibility and respect as members of the family of God.
    • Identify the parts of the Mass and the articles and vestments used during Mass
    • Planning and implementation of the celebration of the Mass
    • Explain the concepts related to the resurrection and eternal life
    • Participation in the Sacrament of Reconciliation
    • Express an understanding of Eucharist in terms of mean and a sacrifice, and experience the Real Presence of Jesus
    • Demonstrate knowledge of the two main parts of the Bible, and how to find a given scripture passage
    • Demonstrate an awareness of God and an appreciation for His creation
    • Participation in daily prayer both as a class and an individual
    • Demonstrate an appreciation for the daily 'life of the Saint'
    • Demonstrate knowledge of prayers (Apostles' Creed, Nicene Creed, spiritual adoption prayer)
    • Demonstrate respect for others in their classroom
    • Retell, act out, and/or illustrate Biblical stories
    • Demonstrate knowledge of the Ten Commandments
    • Demonstrate respect and proper behavior while at Mass
    • Discuss and participate in seasonal events of the Church year and Holy days
    • Recognize different Church celebrations
    • Demonstrate knowledge of their patron saint and other saints
    • Apply the Church teachings to their daily lives
  • Language Arts

    Language Arts The third grade language arts program focuses on the broad areas of oral language, reading, writing, and word study. Students will be introduced to a wide variety of fiction and nonfiction literature which will serve as a basis for instruction and practice in phonics, vocabulary, comprehension, fluency, and writing.


    • Read and comprehend different types of stories appropriate for third grade (fantasy, realistic fiction, poetry, fable, legend, informational, recipe, play, charts, maps, and biographical)
    • Identify literary genre
    • Read fluently using the punctuation, appropriate expression, intonation, and an appropriate rate
    • Use a variety of reading comprehension strategies (i.e. predicting, inferring, making connections, drawing conclusions, reread, read ahead, question, paraphrase)
    • Monitor and self correct errors while reading
    • Choose appropriate level books and reads independently for 25 minutes daily to increase vocabulary, concepts, and reading stamina
    • Read for a variety of purposes (such as information, pleasure, problem-solving)
    • Respond to literature orally and in writing.
    • Identify elements of fiction and nonfiction to determine author's purpose, plot, conflict, sequence, problem/solution, main idea, supporting details, cause and effect, fact and opinion, and point of view
    • Focus on detail to locate specific information and clarify meaning
    • Identify and generate antonyms, synonyms, and words with multiple meanings
    • Apply meaning of prefixes and suffixes to read unfamiliar words
    • Use reference materials for spelling , reading, and decoding (such as dictionary, thesaurus, glossary)
    • Identify main idea and topic of a text
    • Identify story elements by recalling facts and details from the text
    • Compare and connect information across informational text
    • Describe causes and effects of actions or events
    • Summarize and record information from the story using characters (including main), setting, sequence of events, problem/solution, plot, and author's purpose, while relating the story to life experiences
    • Differentiate between fiction and non-fiction
    • Identify beginning, middle, and end of story
    • Compare and contrast two works (i.e. by different authors, the same author, and/or illustrator, genre, theme)

    Written and Oral Communication

    • Write for a variety of reasons to various audiences using different formats (stories, reports, friendly letters, advertisements, etc)
    • Plan and organize ideas before beginning to write
    • Stay on topic when writing
    • Compose a rough draft that focuses on major ideas and details, revises written work focusing on aspects of writing such as organization, word choice, and clarity, edits written work to use correct grammatical conventions, spelling, capitalization, and punctuation
    • Respond to text, in writing and verbally by making personal connections, looking at different points of view, making inferences, and reflecting
    • Create at least 30 written pieces throughout the year including narrative, informational, descriptive, explanatory, response to literature, and poetry
    • Correctly spell previously studied words and spelling patterns when writing
    • Use writing as a tool for thinking, learning, and reflecting
    • Write to inform, to persuade, and to tell a personal or imaginative narrative
    • Write a variety of literary, informational, and practical texts (fairy tales, poetry, recipes, news articles, interviews, etc.)
    • Engage reader with the opening paragraph and provides a conclusion
    • Indent paragraphs
    • Create a setting and introduce characters through precise choice of detail
    • Develop a plot with a sequence of events
    • Describe the actions and emotions of the characters using descriptive details, actions, and dialogue
    • Add reflective comments in autobiographical narrative
    • Demonstrate effective oral communication (fluency and pace, punctuation skill, projection, enunciation, and expression)
    • Demonstrate attentive and responsive listening skills
    • Use media and technology as a tool to create a written product
    • Use cursive handwriting
    • Creation of a writing portfolio containing at least 4 pieces of independent student writing (one from each quarter of the school year)

    Word Study

    • Spell grade level words accurately
    • Change beginning, middle, and ending sounds to produce new words
    • Read compound words and contractions
    • Demonstrate knowledge and selects more precise words (synonyms, antonyms, adjectives, and descriptive words)
    • Recognize nouns (common and proper), verbs, verbs of being, articles, adverbs, conjunctions, possessives, and adjectives
    • Capitalize letters for the first words in sentences, names of people and animals, months, days, holidays, places, personal titles, and titles of works
    • Identify run-on sentences, sentence fragments, statements, questions, commands, and exclamatory sentences
    • Identify subjects and predicates
    • Identify parts of a business letter (letterhead, date, inside address, salutation, body, closing, signature, typed name)
    • Differentiate plurals and possessives
    • Apply knowledge of word study (phonics, spelling, word structure, word meaning, and grammar) to read text with understanding and to communicate effectively through writing
  • Mathematics

    Math Problem-solving is integrated throughout the third grade. The development of problem-solving skills is an essential goal at this grade level. Students have many opportunities to use the skills involved with computation, estimation, time, money, measurement, geometry, graphing, probability, and algebra to solve a wide variety of everyday problems.

    Number and Numeration

    • Read, write, and identify place and value of whole numbers up to 100,000
    • Read, write, and identify place and value of decimals expressed in tenths and hundreths
    • Read and write money amounts in dollars-and cents notation
    • Identify fractional parts of a whole, or a set from actual or pictured objects and record the corresponding fraction
    • Solve problems involving fractional parts of a region or a collection
    • Name multiples of 2,5, and 10
    • Write Roman numerals
    • Use numerical expressions to give equivalent names for whole numbers
    • Use manipulatives and drawings to find and represent equivalent names for fractions
    • Recognize the relationships between two sets of objects or two numbers
    • Compare and order numbers up to 100,000
    • Compare and order decimals through hundredths
    • Compare and order fractions
    • Round whole numbers 9,999 or less to the nearest ten, hundred, and thousand

    Operations and Computation

    • Know all basic addition and subtraction facts through 10+10 quickly and accurately
    • Recall quickly and accurately multiplication facts with x0, x1, x2, x5, x10
    • Demonstrate knowledge of a strategy for multiplying facts through 10x10
    • Multiply a 2- and 3-digit number by a 1-digit number using arrays, mental arithmetic, paper-pencil, and calculators
    • Uses the basic properties (identity, commutative, associative, order of operations) for addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division
    • Make reasonable estimates for addition and subtraction problems and explain the strategy used
    • Demonstrate knowledge of regrouping 3- and 4-digit numbers
    • Use a variety of strategies to model multiplication 
    • Use equal sharing and equal grouping to model division

    Data and Chance

    • Collect and organize data to create tally charts, tables, line plots, Venn diagrams, pictographs, and bar graphs
    • Use graphs to answer simple questions and draw conclusions
    • Find the maximum, minimum, range, mode, and median of a data set
    • Describe events using certain, very likely, likely, unlikely, possible, impossible, and other basic probability terms and explain the choice
    • Express the probability of an event by using "___out of ___" language
    • Measurement and Reference Frames
    • Estimate length with and without tools
    • Measure length to the nearest ½ inch and ½ centimeter
    • Draw and describe angles as records of rotation
    • Describe and use strategies to measure the perimeter of polygons
    • Estimate and measure weight/mass and volume/capacity using metric and English units
    • Count unit squares to find the area of rectangles
    • Describe the relationships among inches, feet, and yards
    • Describe the relationships between minutes in an hour, hours in a day, and days in a week
    • Count and compare the value of a collection of coins and bills and make change
    • Tell and show time to the nearest minute on an analog clock
    • Tell and write time in digital notation


    • Identify and draw points, intersecting and parallel line segments, and lines, rays, and right angles
    • Identify, describe, and compare plane and solid figures including circles, triangles, parallelogram, squares, rectangles, spheres, cylinders, rectangular prisms, pyramids, cones, and cubes using terms face, edge, vertex, and base
    • Create and complete two-dimensional symmetric shapes or designs
    • Locate multiple lines of symmetry in a two-dimensional figure
    • Identify congruent two-dimensional figures

    Patterns, Functions, and Algebra

    • Extend, describe, and create numeric patterns
    • Describe rules for patterns and use them to solve problems
    • Use the symbols +,-, =, x, /,<, and >
    • Use symbols to model number stories
    • Calculate elapsed time in a story problem
    • Solve story problems involving addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division
  • Science

    Science The third grade science objectives place increasing emphasis on conducting experiments. Students are expected to use the scientific method and the metric system with greater precision. Science skills include making detailed observations, asking questions, measuring, classifying, predicting, using information to make inferences, recording information, and drawing conclusions. In the area of physical science, the objectives focus on simple machines, energy, and a basic understanding of matter. Behavioral and physical adaptations are examined in relation to the life needs of animals. The notion of living systems is further explored in aquatic and terrestrial food chains and diversity in environments. Patterns in the natural world are demonstrated in terms of the phases of the moon, tides, seasonal changes, and animal life cycles. Geological concepts are introduced through the investigation of the components of soil.


    • Define matter and identify its physical properties which stay the same when the material is reduced in size

    Simple Machines

    • Identify, differentiate, and explain the purpose of the six types of simple machines (lever, screw, pulley, wheel and axel, inclined plane, and wedge)
    • Analyze common household items and identify the simple and compound machines in them
    • Identify the types of compound machines (wheelbarrow, scissors, and bicycle)
    • Plan, design, and construct a device that contains a simple machine and show its effectiveness to do work

    Ecosystems, Food Chains, and Animal Adaptations

    • Investigate and demonstrate knowledge that habitats support a diversity of plants and animals
    • Investigate and demonstrate knowledge that behavioral and physical adaptations allow animals to respond to life needs
    • Investigate and demonstrate knowledge that natural events and human influences can affect the survival of species
    • Participate in a service project directed towards assisting animals
    • Differentiate between predator, prey, producers, consumers, decomposers, herbivore, carnivore, omnivores, and demonstrate knowledge of the food chain
    • Compare and contrast water related and dry land ecosystems

    Cycles in Nature

    • Investigate and demonstrate knowledge of basic sequences and cycles occurring in plants and animals
    • Recognize the relationships that exist between and among Earth, sun and moon that cause day and night, seasons, moon phases, and tides

    Soil, Water, and Energy Resources

    • Investigate and demonstrate knowledge of the major components of soil, its origin, and importance to plants, animals, and humans
    • Identify major water sources for people, the causes of pollution, and methods of conservation
    • Investigate and understand different sources of energy
    • Compare and contrast renewable and nonrenewable resources
    • Participate in a recycling project

    Respect for Self

    • Demonstrate knowledge of the circulatory, respiratory, muscular, and skeletal systems of the human body
    • Identify basic nutrition and healthy eating habits
    • Demonstrate knowledge of methods of safety (fire, earthquake, tornado, strangers)
  • Social Studies

    Social Studies In third grade, students develop an understanding of people long ago and far away by studying about ancient Greece and Rome and the early West African empire of Ghana. The contributions of these places are investigated, along with their impact on our world today. Students also are introduced to the exploration, discovery, and colonization of America. Third graders apply the terms, hemisphere, equator, and prime meridian as they study the geography of the world. Maps, charts, tables, and graphs are also used to interpret geographic information. Economic studies continue within the context of times long ago and the present. Students learn about economic choices, specialization, and trade. In civics, students explain the importance of the basic principles that form the foundation of our government. Third graders also begin to look at the state of Missouri in relation to history, geography, economics, and civics.


    • Explain how the contributions of ancient Greece and Rome have influenced the present in terms of architecture, government, and sports
    • Define the terms, contribution, direct democracy, and representative democracy
    • Identify examples of ancient Greek and Roman architecture and art
    • Identify the sporting events of the ancient Greeks
    • Describe the early West African empire of Ghana with emphasis on its oral tradition (storytelling), government (kings), and economic development (trade)


    • Use map skills to learn about the geography of ancient Greece and Rome and the early West African Empire of Ghana
    • Locate the areas of ancient Greece, Rome and the empire of Ghana
    • Identify the physical and human characteristics of ancient Greece, Rome, and Ghana
    • Use map skills to locate places on maps and globes, simple letter-number grids, and the four hemispheres formed by the equator and prime meridian
    • Demonstrate knowledge of the terms, hemisphere, equator, prime meridian, and regions
    • Identify the location of the five oceans and seven continents
    • Interpret geographic information from maps, tables, graphs, and charts
    • Construct tables, graphs, and charts to show geographical data


    • Demonstrate knowledge of how producers use natural resources , human resources, and capital resources to produce goods and services for consumers
    • Recognize why people and regions trade
    • Identify examples of making an economic choice and explain the idea of opportunity cost


    • Recognize the importance of government in the community, Missouri, and the United States
    • Define government as a group of people who make and carry out rules and laws, and decide if rules and laws have been broken
    • Explain the basic principles that form the foundation of a republican form of government
    • Demonstrate knowledge that the basic principles of life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness are privileges with which people are born and that cannot be taken away
    • Demonstrate that equality under the law means that all people are treated fairly
    • Identify the contributions made by George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Abraham Lincoln, Rosa Parks, Thurgood Marshall, Cesar Chavez, and Martin Luther King Jr. in the formation of our government
    • Recognize we celebrate Veteran's Day as the day we show our respect for Americans who served in the military
    • Recognize we celebrate Memorial Day as the day we show our respect for Americans who died in wars while they were serving our country
    • Recognize that Americans are a people of diverse ethnic origins, customs, and traditions, who are united by the basic principles of a republican form of government and respect for individual rights and freedoms
    • Demonstrate knowledge of how people can serve the community, state, and nation